Inactive Faith Doesn’t Save

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I have had many conversations with people who want to believe a relative or a friend is ‘saved.’  These friends hope this relative made a decision for Jesus in a coma, became a Christian secretly, or made a decision at camp years ago.  Quite often, the life the friend or relative is living will show no sign of faith.  There is no evidence the individual is walking with Jesus.  People appeal for faith without works at the cross – literally the event of the crucifixion.  Jesus turned to the sinner next to him and rewarded him for his faith.  The repentant criminal beside Jesus chided his recalcitrant companion, asking humbly for Jesus to remember him when Jesus comes into his kingdom.  Jesus, we remember, promised this sinner paradise.

However, even this example does not provide comfort for those who want faith without works.  The repentant sinner on the cross acted in accordance with his faith when he spoke to Jesus.  He didn’t do many things, but he did do one.  We see evidence of a change of heart.  Jesus states many times that the heart will show up in speech and action.  If a person’s actions are not in accordance with salvation, we are to act toward that person as if there is no salvation.

People are very guarded on the issue of faith and works.  They read the apostle Paul in Ephesians 2:8.  It is by faith we are saved, and not by works, lest anyone should boast.  However, later in the very same passage Paul states this faith will result in works.  Faith is not a passive or static thing.  James, Jesus’ brother, makes that very clear.  Demons have a ‘faith’ which is passive belief.  They believe in God, they know there are angels, they accept that Jesus is the Son of God.  If saving faith is defined simply as knowing the truth about God and heaven, demons are saved.  However, the faith the Bible requires is an active faith – it is a living faith.  James declares he will show the authenticity of his faith through his actions, he mocks the inactivity of those who claim faith, but have none.

Can a person become a Christian in  coma?  Can a person be a ‘backslidden’ Christian?  The Bible is unclear on these issues.  However, if we have no evidence a person is walking with Jesus, we should do everything in our power to challenge them.  The evidence is he or she is lost.  Any hope we have is dangerously close to wishful thinking.  At worst, it may be an excuse to justify our lack of action toward this person. We need to pray the world will repent and produce fruit in keeping with repentance.  There is something truncated at best about a gospel which does not result in a walk with Jesus.

An inactive faith is almost certainly a non-existent faith.


This was written as preparation for teaching at Warrenville Bible Chapel on 10/21/18.  I read a the introduction to the NIV Application Commentary on James.



Idleness and The Welfare System

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“If you don’t work, you don’t eat.”  This is the way many conversations I have with Christians go when I talk about social security and welfare.  The assumption is that there are many people milking the social system for all that it’s worth.  Unwed mothers, they say, have babies to get an apartment handed to them without working.  People who have recovered from disability years ago, fake a limp so they can still collect from the government.  These people don’t work.  They get ‘rewarded.’  They eat.  The system is broken, they point out, so it should be massively reformed or in some places scrapped.

The Christians who speak this way tend to be white, non-urban and relatively affluent.  There is nothing wrong with being white, non-urban and affluent, but that is the life they have known.  Struggling to make ends meet only visits their door once in a while.  Usually, these hard-working people find a way into a steady job and do not need to worry where their next meal is coming from.

Having worked in Pakistan, and having pastored an urban black church, I have also encountered another side to the argument.  My father was a regular supporter of Labour (Britain’s left-of-center party), so he, too, often presented views counter to what I hear from most of my Christian friends today.  Some of the people I knew in Pakistan would not survive without help from others.  They did not know where their next meal would come from, jobs were denied to them, they had their water cut off.  All this because they were Christians living in villages surrounded by people hostile to their faith.  In black, urban community, there is a battle against social systems which have held the community at a disadvantage.  The schools have less resources because of less local taxes.  The community youth choose crime and gangs as their own road to security.  The lack of family finances means a lack of support for moving out of the depressed community.  My black church defined injecting money into the community to fund schemes an underclass as justice.

The friction around this issue in Christian circles is palpable.  John MacArthur and others have recently signed a Social Justice and the Gospel statement which some people find aggravating.  Evangelical Christians, the statement claims, need to go to the Bible as the sole source of social justice, but many people, they say, have been hoodwinked by socially constructed and post-modern ideologies.

Yes, as a teacher of applied philosophy, I can affirm that postmodernism is rife in the church.  But so is modernism.  Christians might do well to understand each other a little more before they draw stark lines of demarcation.  The lack of understanding goes both ways.  Being idle and milking the government are incompatible with gospel living.  However, standing in lush pastures and haughtily criticizing those who struggle in a barren wasteland is also unbiblical.

The criticism I have of many people’s stance on social justice is that it is self oriented.  Many people are angry if others get away with something they actually wish they could get away with.  Comments like, “Wouldn’t it be great if we could all just down tools and sit at home eating chocolates and watching TV all day?” typify this approach.  The short reply to this stance is, “No, that would not be great!”  It is not good for anyone to sit down and waste their life in that way.  A more generous attitude is one that encourages people to engage in meaningful work. God created everyone to work – work is virtuous and meaningful.

In 2 Thessalonians (which I finished reading today), both idleness and busyness are frowned upon.  No activity and wrong activity need addressing in the church.  The right kind of activity is the kind where God is honoured and glorified through honest work.  Those whose abilities fall short need charity.  Those who are held in place by unjust systems need liberty.  We should look for opportunities to promote full compassion and full employment.


2 Thessalonians 3:6-13

Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from any brother who is walking in idleness and not in accord with the tradition that you received from us. For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate us, because we were not idle when we were with you, nor did we eat anyone’s bread without paying for it, but with toil and labour we worked night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you. It was not because we do not have that right, but to give you in ourselves an example to imitate. For even when we were with you, we would give you this command: If anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat. For we hear that some among you walk in idleness, not busy at work, but busybodies. Now such persons we command and encourage in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living.

As for you, brothers, do not grow weary in doing good. If anyone does not obey what we say in this letter, take note of that person, and have nothing to do with him, that he may be ashamed. Do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother.


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Why Is The Left Behind Series Bashed?

Image result for left behind bookI was reading through a commentary on 2 Thessalonians this morning and The Left Behind series came under fire again.  The Left Behind series is a set of books published by Jerry Jenkins and Timothy LaHaye telling the fictional story of a post-rapture reality.  The story is fictional, but some theologians want to say The Rapture itself is fictional.  They mock the idea that Jesus has a second Second Coming.  They ask, “If Jesus comes down to earth to save his own and take them to heaven, and then he comes seven years later and dwells on Earth, don’t we have a Second and then a Third Coming of Jesus?”

Left Behind is written from a particular Christian point of view.  It is a pre-tribulation perspective.  It holds that Jesus will come back to gather his people before the seven years of tribulation occur.  Within the Christian family some people are mid-trib(ulation) and others are post-trib.   The pre-trib camp is often found within the broader camp of dispensationalism.  Dispensationalists believe that God has worked in different ways through different ‘dispensations’ through the ages.  They stand in contradistinction to Covanental Christians.  Is the Bible crystal clear which of these perspectives is correct?  The fact we have different factions is testimony to the Bible not being clear on these issues.  So, shouldn’t we just ignore our differences and carry on?

I suggest a more authentic solution.  Why don’t we just acknowledge our differences and walk together?  Jerry Jenkins and Timothy LaHaye wrote a book based on their own theological interpretation of The End Times.  It is a theological perspective I happen to agree with.  Sound Bible scholars may come up with other visualizations of the End Times.  They may write another book, perhaps it would be called ‘Enduring Tribulation.’  I might read it.  I might not.  However, for the sake of Christian unity, I would not want to make the authors look stupid.  It is not a hill worth dying on.

Of course, detractors should feel free to question and contradict others’ theology.  It is not a major challenge to the essentials of the faith if the events of Left Behind do not unfold exactly like the novel.  In fact, because of the criticism I have read recently, I think I might get myself the children’s version and read it to my kids.

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Moving Past Spiritual Stagnation

Image result for spiritual stagnationWe mature and we develop.  At least that is the plan.  In our school classes, our teachers set goals for us and then teach us to achieve them.  Our parents, if they care, look for our developmental goals.  When did we walk?  When did we complete sentences?  How did we develop our motor skills?  Why, then, does the church so often not communicate developmental goals for those it oversees?  We tend to have some mild suggestions from meek pastors, but very few churches meet with the congregation and develop a plan.

One assumption might be that there are no markers of spiritual growth.  The New Testament contradicts that lack of direction.  We are meant to grow in knowledge and depth of insight. There is the milk we drink as spiritual infants and there is the meat we chew on as mature Christians.  Some lack of growth is due to the passivity of the congregation.  It is easy to watch ministers working hard with Jesus, rather than to get out of the pews and grow in ministry ourselves.  It is easier to watch athletes on TV rather than train hard and become an athlete ourselves.

Children’s ministries often entertain rather than develop.  Christian schooling often develops rigorously math skills, literacy skills, and even sports skills.  These skills are seen as essential for life.  However, if Christianity is true, Bible study, prayer and  godly character are at least as important as reading, ‘riting, and ‘rithmatic. The home is too busy to think.  We mindlessly produce and consume.  Nothing develops in that kind of lifeless environment.  We may find that we have not really grown spiritually since we became a Christian as a small child.

This is why retreats are so successful. This is why Christian camps can help us.  They move us away from the day-to-day and help us to refocus.  A healthy home is one where the family works from a place of rest rather than exhaustion.  A healthy school is one where God is worshiped in each class.  A healthy church is one which provides tie for reflection, assessment, and accountability.

We are not saved because of our performance, but we are saved to grow and do better works.  If you take time to assess how you have been growing, what do you need?

Do you need to get away to a Christian camp in the quiet countryside for a retreat?  Do you need to study God’s word to bring it up to par with your other competencies?  Do you need to connect with a church which will encourage you to the next step?  Do you need your children to grow closer to God in their schooling and worship him in each subject area?  There are options – the only wrong option is to choose to do nothing.

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What is in 1 Thessalonians?

Thessaloniki is in Greece.  When the apostle Paul went there, he was soon chased out of town.  That made him concerned that the faith he shared there would soon die out.  When, finally, he got word, he found that the faith had taken root and was flourishing.  What would this new, enthusiastic group of Christians need from Paul?

After reading 1 Thessalonians and starting on the second letter, a few points jump out.

  1. Paul wanted to encourage them for their faith, hope and love.
  2. Paul wanted to encourage them about life after death.
  3. Paul wanted to encourage them about the second coming.
  4. Paul wanted to encourage them to live up to the gospel calling.

Encouraging people is still accepted as the way to start conversations.  Leaders who start with tasks, bad news, or criticism often demotivate people.   Finding positive attributes and talking them up forms a platform of acceptance to which one can later return if things get rough.

One of the biggest fears is fear of death.  The Thessalonians were afraid that the loved ones they knew who had died would not be taken with Jesus to paradise. This was coupled with concerns about when and how Jesus’ return would take place.  Paul sends answers to both concerns.

There is a way of life which is central to Christian faith.  There is a code of conduct God calls people to follow.  When a Christian repents, they turn from their old ways to new ways.  The Thessalonians were ignorant of the details of their new way of life.  In the 21st century, many in The West are also ignorant.  The gospel we preach has been divorced from behaviors and so some of the most poorly behaved people in the room may claim to be Christian.  In church on Sunday, we had a conversation about nominal Christians – people who are Christian in name only.  We realised that, rather than celebrate a shared faith, we might first look at whether the faith is exercised.  If there is no evidence of faith, maybe it is not there.

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What Happens After We Die?

Image result for the book of the deadShort answer is, “We don’t know.”  A slightly longer answer is, “We don’t know much.”  Most people in North America would still like to think they go on to somewhere better, but why?  In England I hear stories of people who never believed in God being placed with the stars, the angels, or with Jesus when they die.  Why should they go to be with a God they never knew?  In the common psyche, it seems to be God’s job.  He is to remain at a safe distance while we live, but He’ll scoop me up and bring me to heaven when I die.  It seems like He is at our whim.  He seems small in this retelling.  Why not be more consistent and be done with God altogether?  Why not join the growing band of atheists who see no point in God in this life and no role for God in the afterlife?  Nietzsche proclaimed God was dead – we had killed Him in the 19th century.  However, the crippled and impotent God of middle America today is more horrific and insipid than the mighty God of the 18th century cathedrals whom they killed.  I believe we lack courage to kill off God, in middle America, because we are afraid.  Who wants to walk into the night without hope?  Who wants to travel across Styx just to find the ferryman drops us off the edge of reality and into a unexpected abyss?

Some say heaven was invented to allay mankind’s fears of death.  We have a modified strategy to deal with our fears today.  We don’t want to think about death.  We shun people who do and call them ‘morbid.’ We move faster and faster – mindlessly – in this life, so that death will come in an instant.  Suddenly we will be gone.  If our story ends at death, so be it.  We don’t want to see the car before it hits us.  Let our death be like a band-aid ripped off swiftly – a bullet to the head – and then, hopefully, the end.

But the ancient Greeks thought an afterlife was necessary to complete justice (Plato).  Ancient eastern peoples completed justice with a karma rebirth tailored to repay each previous life.  Ancient Jewish people wrote about Sheol and Abaddon.  They declared that no-one praised God from the grave (Psalm 115:17; Isaiah 38:18).  From their own observation, the wise people of ancient Israel encouraged us to enjoy the spouse, the house, and food (I was tempted to write grouse) that God has given (Ecclesiastes 9:9).  But the Jewish philosopher watched a dog die and watched a person die and saw no difference (Ecclesiastes 3:19).

Many today believe their eternal destiny rests in the balance.  The scales tip one way or the other based on whether they have been good enough in this life.  The ancient Egyptians weighed the heart against a feather to decide the course of the journey into death.  This thinking has slipped into the common psyche, but is it Christian?  Is it the way of the Bible?

The Bible says that the dead will rise again at the coming of Jesus.  It says that all people will be raised up on The Last Day.  It says after that comes the judgement (Hebrews 9:27,28).  Then it says that all have sinned and have fallen short of God’s standards.  The scales, according to the New Testament, weigh every person and find they fall short.  God allows a substitution.  He allows Jesus to pay the price for the unrighteousness of each life.  This is a free gift, but like any free gift it must be received.  In this life, the gift of eternal life is offered.  It is not a life of vacation by the pool – it is a life of fellowship with Jesus and his followers.  It starts when a person becomes a disciple in this life – and it never ends.  A loving God does not force people to come to His party.  A loving God does not make people dwell in His house forever.  He allows an alternative.  We call that alternative Hell or Hades.  It is the eternal dwelling place of those who do not believe in God, who have no love for Jesus, and who wish to follow their own path.  Of course, this path leads eternally to frustration and torment.  Some Christians want God’s mercy to annihilate those who do not walk with him.  The Bible doesn’t really allow for that option.  The language the Bible uses for Hell, is that of a fiery pit whose smoke rises forever (Revelation 14:11).

On the surface it is comforting to think of an alienated God who reveals himself at death and brings you home to his bosom.  But what if that loving God is repulsive to you?  What if the company in the eternal resting place is unbearably obnoxious?  Wouldn’t you long to escape?  Wouldn’t you long for Hell?  On the surface, belief in a judgement where we are all basically good is something to be looked forward to.  However, the anxiety, the shame and the guilt we carry in our hearts may be a sign that the ending will not match our optimism.  In these cases the sudden ending of the atheist would certainly be preferable.  The atheist embodies the strength of being able to embrace the pointlessness of life.  They are beyond good or evil.  There is no judgement.  There are choices and consequences in this life – perhaps.  In the end the slate is wiped clean – the candle goes out.  Shakespeare shows the draw of such thinking in Hamlet’s soliloquy.  That sleep of death, from which no man returns, provides a consummation devoutly to be wished.   But then he acknowledges  that no man has returned to tell us of whether the dreams of death are pleasant or horrific.

The assumption, in this modern age, is that no-one has returned from death (Except in the T.V. show Arrow where people return from death with annoying frequency).  There are flatliners who are dead for moments, but truly dead people do not come back to life.  And this solid assumption causes people to reject the narrative of scripture where people like Lazarus, the widow of Nain’s son, and Jesus himself come back from the dead.  Our unbelief causes us to dismiss these stories as myths and fairy-tales.  But what if the accounts in the Bible have had so much enduring power because they are true?  What if they gained so much traction because eye-witnesses saw the risen Lazarus and then the risen Jesus?  What would that require of us?  We would have to ask what made these people different?  With what beliefs and truths did they align?  How did they live?  How did they die?  Then we would have to consider whether our stories needed to be stories of a life lived for God rather than self.  A life so-lived would give us reason to expect the fate promised of believers in the Bible.  In that case Heaven would not be tedious and obnoxious.  In that case, when death came, heaven would be the easy step into the arms of the one for whom we had lived.


These thoughts are written after reflection upon 1 Thessalonians 4:13 – 5:11.

Brothers and sisters, we do not want you to be uninformed about those who sleep in death, so that you do not grieve like the rest of mankind, who have no hope.  For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. Therefore encourage one another with these words.

Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness.  So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober. For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night. But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet. For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.

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Strategies for Walking Away from Sexual Immorality

Image result for sexual addiction disorderThere are those who would say I am the last person who should write anything about sexual immorality.  I, like many men before me, have struggled to keep my thoughts and actions pure.  In recent years I have made improvements in the area of sexual purity, and I don’t think it is just because of a decreased libido.  In all the years I have been married to my wife, I have been faithful to her – in the literal sense.  In my mind, I have become more faithful to her.  I have lost much of the lust that would have captured my thoughts early in our marriage.

There is a different mind-set I have now.  When I consciously think about the area of sexual immorality, I acknowledge the following six truths.  At the same time there are three actions I consider taking.

  • Acknowledge what sexual immorality delivers

Sex is attractive because it delivers positive feelings.  Of course, there is the rush of sexual stimulation.  Beyond that, there is the intimate connection of being accepted and known.  If we pretend sex is ugly and delivers nothing, we create people who are phobic about sex.  Sex is a wonderful thing.  It is a gift to be opened within marriage.

  • Acknowledge that sexual immorality exploits

Sexual immorality exploits on a number of levels.  The man in the back of the car manipulates the woman into performing sex acts by telling her what she wants to hear and making promises he will not keep.  A woman mocks a young man for being unmanly because he won’t sleep with her.

The exploitation reaches its crescendo with sex-trafficking.  Modern slavery moves victims around the world to be used sexually by people who care little for them.  The porn industry uses trafficked people.  Porn sex is becoming more aggressive and lacks any of the gentleness and care sex was created for.  In some ways the exploitation is unmasked, but people don’t seem to care.

  • Acknowledge that sexual immorality is a pathway

Jesus once said that people should not congratulate themselves on abstaining from adultery when they have no problem looking at each other lustfully.  He was outlining that sexual immorality is not a single act but a pathway.

There are many on-ramps to the sexual immorality highway.  Magazine racks in England were a problem for me as a teen.  Recently, adult magazine covers in Europe have been covered so people don’t have to see them.  When I saw them, as a teen, my mind would race.  I would imagine exactly what the producers of the magazines hoped.  I would imagine what was inside.  I had to be careful whenever I was near a news stand.  I had to be aware they had an on ramp for immorality.

Understanding that sexual immorality is a pathway and not an act provides an answer to the frequent question asked in youth group.  “How far can I go?”  The answer is that the question itself is wrong.  There is nowhere to go down the wrong highway.  The right question is “How can I respect, honour, and cherish my date?”

  • Acknowledge that sex is for a relationship

The movies acknowledge that sex is for a relationship.  In the movies the first or second date ends with sex.  Subsequently the couple attempts to build a relationship on the back of the sex.

It is better to establish a relationship without sex first and to add sex later.  If the relationship lasts forever, there will be periods when sex is not available due to sickness or distance.  A relationship entirely predicated on sex will fail at these times.  However, if the relationship is built first, and sex is reserved for a committed marriage, the security of the marriage relationship provides a basis for great sex.

  • Acknowledge that sexual immorality addicts

Addictions provide a high and they compensate for what is lacking in life.  Addicts self-medicate because something in life – wellness, emotions, acceptance – is not available.  Sex is often used to fill an emptiness in a person’s life.  When sex is used this way it provides a rush of excitement, but it ends in sadness, isolation and despair.  Like any addiction, the problem is that the addict needs increased fixes for ever diminishing returns.

  • Acknowledge that sexual immorality consumes

In our production-consumption society, sex has become a commodity.  Unfortunately most of the products that we consume and don’t ‘need’ eventually consume us.  ‘Sex sells,’ we are told.  However, we are now sold on sex.  Advertising campaigns cheapen sexual attraction and create sex-objects for us to idolize.  It is a trophy to be a sex-symbol.  New ideas are promoted as ‘sexy.’  Sex enters the daily routine as part and parcel of ordinary life.  We are saturated with sexual images on T.V., billboards, and movies.  We hear sexual innuendo on the radio or on our iPod.  The saturation causes some kind of indifference.  To make sex so common is to make it vulgar.  In fact, the way we use sex as the basis of our swear words and coarse joking is the definition of vulgarity.

So how do we address our behaviors in the light of these acknowledgements?

  • When tempted refocus

To focus on sex in order to defeat sexual immorality doesn’t work.  Many well-meaning people spend a lot of time talking about sexual immorality and wonder why their minds are so full of it.  The way forward is to focus on something else.

Isn’t there anything in our lives which grabs the imagination as much as sex?  For me, it has been sports and computer games.  The immersive nature of these activities consumes my mind.  I can’t think about sexual immorality and catch a cricket ball that has been hit toward my head.  I can’t fend off waves of mutants in a computer game and also let my mind wander down other paths.

Ideally, sports and computer games might give way to heart-deep conversations with God or family.  We don’t want to replace one potentially destructive addiction with another.  However, in the short run, try to identify what might be something powerful enough to help you refocus.

The power of habit is strong.  To break a habit the trigger for the habit, and the common response, need to be identified.  Either the trigger is consciously avoided or the trigger needs to lead to a different action.  Addicts call a sponsor when temptation comes.  Which leads to the next point.

  • Talk to a mentor about sex

Sometimes we need a person to talk to about sexual immorality.  We need someone who isn’t horrified and contemptuous at the very mention of sex.  We need someone who can be sympathetic with our cause and who has pathways and strategies to get to healthier living.  Such people exist in our lives as pastors and counselors.  If you are confused about sex in your life make an appointment to talk it out.

  • Look to honour the opposite sex

If you want to date my daughter, I will want you to honour her.  She is a beautiful girl and she will be a beautiful woman.  That I allow you to date her is an act of grace and trust on my part.  If you abuse that trust and use her for your own pleasure, expect grace and trust to be replaced by justice and pain.

Seriously, though, my daughter is created in the image of God – and so is my son.  If my son is manipulated by a girl to take away his innocence, I will not be pleased.  If a girl comes into his life who sees his potential for service to God and draws that out of him, I would be delighted if they got married.  I would love to see the kind of children their union would produce.


These thoughts were written upon reflection on 1 Thessalonians 4:1-8

As for other matters, brothers and sisters, we instructed you how to live in order to please God, as in fact you are living. Now we ask you and urge you in the Lord Jesus to do this more and more. For you know what instructions we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus.

It is God’s will that you should be sanctified: that you should avoid sexual immorality; that each of you should learn to control your own body in a way that is holy and honorable, not in passionate lust like the pagans, who do not know God; and that in this matter no one should wrong or take advantage of a brother or sister. The Lord will punish all those who commit such sins, as we told you and warned you before. For God did not call us to be impure, but to live a holy life. Therefore, anyone who rejects this instruction does not reject a human being but God, the very God who gives you his Holy Spirit.