Matthew Introduction: Peter

Why would I be writing about Peter in an introduction to Matthew?  Peter has his own books, doesn’t he?  Matthew focuses on the development of Peter as a leader and alternates between positive assertions of Peter (example:  “You are the Christ!”)  and negative foot-in-mouth incidents (Example:  when Jesus says, “Get behind me Satan!”).  The narrative shows how Peter is developed by Jesus, in spite of his flaws, to be the head of the twelve.  This has led some to think that Peter may have been slightly older than the mostly teenaged disciples.   He was married, for instance.  This should encourage us to know that we do not have to be perfect to be led on by God for the work that he wants us to do.


  1. How is Peter represented in Matthew?
  2. Why is Peter a key character?
  3. How would Peter be prepared for church work?
  4. Do you agree withCatholic tradition that Peter was the first pope?  Why or why not?
  5. How is Peter an encouragement to modern readers?

About Plymothian

I teach at Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. My interests include education, biblical studies, and spiritual formation. I have been married to Kelli since 1998 and we have two children, Daryl and Amelia. For recreation I like to run, play soccer, play board games, read and travel.
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5 Responses to Matthew Introduction: Peter

  1. Kim says: brain is a bit to slow today to answer all the questions..I have read all the posts though…I thought I would share what God has been teaching me through Gary’s recovery.. I am realizing that my world cannot be perfect all the time, with all my ducks in a row. I need to let go, and let God help me. With Gary’s limitations, I just cannot get it all done every day, and that is okay! It is a tough lesson and I am really fighting God right now. My brain knows what is true…but putting it into practice is a bit harder.

    • Kelli says:

      Hard lesson, Kim! But very true! And one that I am constantly revisiting too. Let me know if there is anything else I can do to help!!

  2. HeeJin Choi says:

    1.How is Peter represented in Matthew?
    -Peter is shown as as a leader, and a representative figure that goes through sanctification in life as a Christian.
    2.Why is Peter a key character?
    – Because he is reflecting Christian’s spiritual development in Christ.
    3.How would Peter be prepared for church work?
    4.Do you agree withCatholic tradition that Peter was the first pope? Why or why not?
    – I do not agree with the view of Catholic church. In the book of Luke, when the disciples were arguing about who should be the greatest among themselves it seems clear to me that Jesus did not bestow primacy to any of them.
    5.How is Peter an encouragement to modern readers?
    -Peter was not any different from us today as a tenuous human being but Jesus chose him and transformed his life and so we can also be transformed as Peter as long as our faith in Christ.

  3. Kelli says:

    I still remember teaching a Bible study on Peter to a group of high school girls many years ago. We looked at Peter’s transformation from the guy who disowned Jesus on the night of his arrest, the guy who turned his back on Jesus in this time of crises, the guy who chose to save his own skin…. to the man who stood up boldly in Acts 2, “raised his voice and addressed the crowd.” He articulated the gospel message–by the spirit’s leading–in such a powerful way that 3000 people were “added to their number that day.”

    Of course, it gives us great hope that if God can use Peter and change him and embolden him, he can do the same in our lives. I pray for that sort of transformation in my own life. I am too often timid about my faith in certain circles and too often resigned to my own timidity. Peter is definitely a timely encouragement to and challenge for me.

  4. Carrie says:

    Peter is a great example to follow levi’s example (tax collector transformed to follower of Christ). Though peter was a disciple it is still the encouragement that even though we are followers and believers of Christ we still make mistakes and we can still be forgiven. God can transform us no matter how long we have been believers. Praise God 🙂

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