Bipolar with Paranoia

Mental health issues get a lot of attention these days.  We rightly seek to diagnose what ailments a person is wrestling with and then we treat them appropriately.  I have a lot of sympathy with people who struggle with their mind.  My father was paranoid to some degree.  He would check and double check things to keep himself safe.  I think that he feared repercussions and to him the world was only really a hostile place.  It is not surprising that he was paranoid really, when you knew his volatile mother.  However, although the paranoia and obsessive compulsive behaviour could be explained it had spiritual connotations aswell.  My father needed to be in control as much as possible because he did not know God.

God healed my mother of post-partum depression when she found faith in Jesus.  However, there is no gaurantee that God will act in this way on our behalf.  God can do as he chooses, but he is powerful enough to address mental illness and its spiritual aspects that often go unaddressed. 

In 1 samuel 18 God uses the mental and spiritual illness of Saul to move along his plans for Israel.  I feel sympathy for Saul, but I understand that Saul is wed to his paranoia and shows little concern about his mood swings.  God has confirmed Saul in his own choices.

1 Samuel 18

 1 After David had finished talking with Saul, Jonathan became one in spirit with David, and he loved him as himself. 2 From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family. 3 And Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4Jonathan took off the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his tunic, and even his sword, his bow and his belt.

 5Whatever mission Saul sent him on, David was so successful that Saul gave him a high rank in the army. This pleased all the troops, and Saul’s officers as well.

 6 When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing, with joyful songs and with timbrels and lyres. 7As they danced, they sang:

   “Saul has slain his thousands,
   and David his tens of thousands.”

 8 Saul was very angry; this refrain displeased him greatly. “They have credited David with tens of thousands,” he thought, “but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?” 9And from that time on Saul kept a close eye on David.

 10 The next day an evil[a] spirit from God came forcefully on Saul. He was prophesying in his house, while David was playing the lyre, as he usually did. Saul had a spear in his hand 11and he hurled it, saying to himself, “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David eluded him twice.

 12 Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with David but had departed from Saul. 13 So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led the troops in their campaigns. 14 In everything he did he had great success, because the LORD was with him. 15 When Saul saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him. 16But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.

 17Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab. I will give her to you in marriage; only serve me bravely and fight the battles of the LORD.” For Saul said to himself, “I will not raise a hand against him. Let the Philistines do that!”

 18 But David said to Saul, “Who am I, and what is my family or my clan in Israel, that I should become the king’s son-in-law?” 19 So[b]when the time came for Merab, Saul’s daughter, to be given to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.

 20 Now Saul’s daughter Michal was in love with David, and when they told Saul about it, he was pleased. 21“I will give her to him,” he thought, “so that she may be a snare to him and so that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” So Saul said to David, “Now you have a second opportunity to become my son-in-law.”

 22Then Saul ordered his attendants: “Speak to David privately and say, ‘Look, the king likes you, and his attendants all love you; now become his son-in-law.’”

 23They repeated these words to David. But David said, “Do you think it is a small matter to become the king’s son-in-law? I’m only a poor man and little known.”

 24 When Saul’s servants told him what David had said, 25Saul replied, “Say to David, ‘The king wants no other price for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge on his enemies.’” Saul’s plan was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.

 26 When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king’s son-in-law. So before the allotted time elapsed, 27David took his men with him and went out and killed two hundred Philistines and brought back their foreskins. They counted out the full number to the king so that David might become the king’s son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal in marriage.

 28 When Saul realized that the LORD was with David and that his daughter Michal loved David, 29Saul became still more afraid of him, and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.

 30 The Philistine commanders continued to go out to battle, and as often as they did, David met with more success than the rest of Saul’s officers, and his name became well known.


  1. How would you describe Saul’s decline?
  2. How would you describe the change in David’s fortunes?
  3. What does God show about himself in managing this change?
  4. How can mental health and spiritual health be integrated?
  5. What mental health and spiritual health issues have you had to address in your family, friends, and personal life?

About Plymothian

I teach at Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. My interests include education, biblical studies, and spiritual formation. I have been married to Kelli since 1998 and we have two children, Daryl and Amelia. For recreation I like to run, play soccer, play board games, read and travel.
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4 Responses to Bipolar with Paranoia

  1. Grace Yoo says:

    1. Saul’s decline was pretty slow. It took Saul a long time to realize that David is so successful because the Lord is with him.

    2. I would describe the change in David’s fortunes good. He was merely a poor man, but now he is successful in everything he does and people love him.

    3. God shows that He is always with us and that if we believe in Him, we can do anything.

    4. Mental health and spiritual health are integrated in the way that spiritual health impacts mental health. The stronger your spiritual faith and health, the better your mental health.

    5. I have had to address some spiritual health issues with my brother. He would put on a mask at church and outside the church he would be a different person.

  2. Jessica Gentry says:

    1. I would describe Saul’s decline as one that came with being paranoid about the success of David. His decline also came as he wished that the Lord’s favor was still upon Him, yet doesn’t seek after God, rather seeks revenge against David,
    2. David’s fortunes continually increase as He gets to marry Saul’s daughter Michal and as the people grow to love and esteem him.
    3. God reveals how he gives grace to the humble, but opposes the proud, as he continually blesses David, and increasingly draws away from Saul as Saul is selfish, envious, and proud.
    4. Mental health and spiritual health can be integrated as our spiritual life is put into thought through out mental health, therefore if we are not healthy mentally it makes it very hard to be healthy spiritually.
    5. My aunt dealt with serious depression, and this often made her question her faith becuase she felt that as a Christian she should be able to pull through and be joyful, but mentally this was not an option for her for a while, as her mind struggled to grasp the things it once did.

  3. Kristin Goffinet says:

    1. I think Saul’s decline was gradual, but the main cause seems to be his jealousy towards David.
    2. I think the change in David’s fortunes represent his love for the Lord and the Holy Spirit that now indwells him.
    3. God shows that he is in control of all things.
    4. I think in order to be spiritually healthy, your mind must be focused on God and your thoughts need to be honoring Him. If you aren’t mentally healthy, you probably arent spiritually healthy either.
    5. Even though I don’t have any labeled or specific mental issues, I am constantly batteling deceptive thoughts that threaten my spiritual health.

  4. [ED2203-01] HyeJin Lee says:

    1.How would you describe Saul’s decline?
    Saul’s decline was in God’s plan. David was able to win over the Philistine every time because God was with him, and this caused Saul’s jealousy toward David.

    2.How would you describe the change in David’s fortunes?
    David was an ordinary poor man, but he ended up becoming a great king because God was always with him.

    3.What does God show about himself in managing this change?
    God shows the importance of remaining in Him and of obeying His word.

    4.How can mental health and spiritual health be integrated?
    If one’s mental health is not healthy, it surely affects his or her spiritual life as well because if we think and do what is dishonoring God, we are abusing our spirits.

    5.What mental health and spiritual health issues have you had to address in your family, friends, and personal life?
    Personally, I sometimes lie to my mom about my school life and spiritual life, then I feel like I am doing something dishonoring God and walking far a way from God. If I do something not right in Christian’s integrity, I have hard time praying, and talk to God.

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